In 2020, construction specialists begin to concentrate on the fact that this year will occupy a leadership position in the field of industry. Modern construction technologies should occupy their niche, construction trends revolve around new technologies that improve the design of the building and the construction process as a whole.
This information is important for specialists in the field of construction and related industries, it keeps abreast of the latest trends in new technologies.
Below we will give a brief overview of the main technological trends of 2020.
The construction market of the Republic of Belarus is in relative infancy compared to other parts of the world, but it has strong growth ambitions. At a time when the global construction industry is improving and advanced technologies are looking for their application. The Republic of Belarus is not a lagging country of its continent with a growing market for construction technologies, which have begun to reap the benefits from us.
With all this, contractors and builders strive to save their costs for construction services and the purchase of material, at their discretion, without control. New technologies in the construction industry will close questions on uncontrolled activities in the field of construction. Quality assurance will be the main attribute of the building technologies of the future.
Building technologies that will be trending in the future for the whole world.
Intelligent buildings use information technology to stay connected to building systems, people, and the global environment. These buildings use automated processes to manage construction operations, such as: air conditioning, heating, ventilation, lighting, security and other systems. Using sensors, microchips, and other devices, smart buildings collect data for further management based on the functionality of buildings.
Some homeowners have implemented smart building technology (smart home) in their homes. These technological trends may be more common in the commercial real estate industry.
All this will allow business owners and enterprise managers to optimally use the space, reduce energy consumption, and minimize environmental impact.
Information modeling of buildings and structures (BIM) – the process of collective creation and use of information about the structure, forming a reliable basis for all decisions throughout the life cycle of the facility (from the earliest concepts to detailed design, construction, operation and demolition) ?. BIM helps analyze large amounts of information, which helps to prevent risks and accelerate work at any stage of the project by 40%.
Building Information Modeling, or BIM, is a 3D model-based process for creating and managing project information. Although this technology may be more related to the design process, 3D BIM modeling can be used before, during, and after construction. The building information model is a digital description of each aspect of the assembly, as well as objects in the model that may be associated with relevant information. Such as photos, specifications or manuals.
This technology can benefit construction professionals by helping them create better plans, produce faster results, and stay on budget.
Construction cameras should not be confused with security cameras. Construction cameras can provide high quality photos at a much higher resolution than video security cameras; plus, they can achieve high definition, time-lapse movie and high-definition streaming video on demand. Among project managers, the most cited advantage of construction chambers is: how they reduce the frequency and costs of the construction site due to visits throughout the project.
For the owners of such cameras, the advantage is transparency; they provide not only the progress of the project, but also an understanding of the processes of the contractor, which can help build confidence or vice versa. In short, construction cameras are becoming an essential element of productivity in construction.
For projects in remote areas, solar-powered construction cameras are a practical solution. Cameras equipped with trailed solar power stations allow users to place webcams almost anywhere. Most construction cameras offer a wide range – from 6 to 50 megapixels.
Proper placement of the camera is critical. Optimally, the cameras will be positioned so as to provide not only the best daily looks, but also play frame-by-frame video at the end of the project.
The camera should interact seamlessly with the management systems of the project company, as well as provide all designated users with trouble-free management. A well-designed dashboard will allow users to view the construction site from the office from any mobile device.
Additional benefits of building cameras
They train contractors on efficiency in the work process, teamwork, and ensure discipline on the construction site and professionalism. They help to make amazing project presentations for their investors with their help. Not a single person can constantly monitor everyone at the construction site, but construction cameras can, and they do it.
Self Healing Concrete
Reinforced concrete is the most widely used building material due to its many advantages. One of the most significant disadvantages is fragility.
The fragility of concrete is one of the main problems in construction, as a rule it is caused by exposure to its water and chemicals. Researchers are striving to develop self-healing concrete, using a special mixture containing bacteria inside the microcapsules, which will subsequently sprout and close the cracks. For this, it is necessary that there is cement crumb inside the crack that, when interacting with moisture from the air, “swells”, filling these very minor injuries. Without this mixture, water and oxygen trapped in concrete cracks will cause corrosion of steel reinforcement, and repairing such cracks is a rather expensive method. Such a mixture will significantly reduce material costs and human labor.
Effective insulation material, which is becoming increasingly important throughout the construction industry. Heat loss occurs through the walls, directly through the box of the building, whether it is masonry, block or frame. This process is known as the “thermal bridge.” Airgel, a technology developed by NASA for cryogenic insulation, is considered one of the most effective thermal insulation materials. It can be used for thermal insulation of walls, while increasing the heat preservation in the house by more than 40 percent.
An integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) glazing structure for buildings can help generate its own electricity, turning the entire exterior structure of the building into solar panels. A company like Polysolar provides transparent photovoltaic glass as a structural building material, creating windows, facades and roofs.
Polysolar technology is efficient in energy reproduction, even on the north side of the wall and its high performance at elevated temperatures. It can be double glazed or insulated directly. As well as tangible savings on electricity bills and income and benefits.
The cost is relatively small compared to traditional types, since the costs of framing (profile) remain.
Kinetic energy is another technology under development. Pavegen introduces technology that allows the special flooring to generate kinetic energy in steps. The flooring can be used indoors or outdoors, in places with high traffic. The flooring generates electricity from pedestrians using the electromagnetic induction process and the energy of the flywheel for storage.
The technology is best suited for transport hubs where a large flow of people will pass through it.
An Italian underground power station is exploring the potential of kinetic energy to generate. She developed a technology called Lybra, a tire such as rubber pavers, that converts the kinetic energy generated by moving vehicles through it into electrical energy. Advanced technology is able to collect, convert this energy into electricity and transmit it to the electricity grid.
In addition to improving road safety, the flooring modernizes the road surface and contributes to stability, traction of tires with the road.
Modular design is becoming more popular. The modular design has strong sustainability benefits, with fewer vehicle movements to less waste. It allows you to reduce the construction time and at the same time maintain the ecology of the environment, in contrast to the traditional methods of building structures.
Using this technology in the United States, the Chinese developer Broad Sustainable Building recently completed a 57-story skyscraper with an investment of 19 business days using modular construction technology.