When choosing a suitable project for a future home, developers primarily focus on the speed of installation work, because for a modern person, any delay seems a serious problem – these are the realities of our fast-paced life. It is also important that we all do not want to face unpleasant moments that can be caused by seasonal changes in the weather, as this will negatively affect the terms of commissioning of the object, and the desire to quickly find a new home makes us accelerate. That is why people are increasingly becoming interested in new technologies in construction of private houses.
Now let’s talk about the practical aspect, because it is also important. For example, you rent a construction tool, for which you need to pay a fee on a daily basis, who wants to overpay? This is where improved solutions come to the rescue, allowing you to implement a typical project in just two or three months. So what do the authors of innovative developments offer us, and what can we successfully implement at our construction site?
Immediately we want to draw your attention to the fact that new technologies and high-tech building materials are different concepts, although they are on the same plane. For example, foam concrete blocks, wooden logs and OSB boards are products that have recently appeared, but this is by no means a technology for building a house, another way is their installation. Here you have a non-standard approach to the usual construction process, and improved performance of private houses, but let’s talk about everything in order.
This abbreviation is more familiar to us under the name of “folk”, also known as “movable formwork”, and it completely sounds: Technology of Individual Construction and Ecology. This invention belongs entirely to our compatriots, which is doubly pleasant. The main advantage of this innovative approach is that you can build a house with your own hands, without the help of specialists.
The modern construction of private houses based on this method is characterized by the filling of pile or column foundations, often understaffed with a grillage. Your main tool at this stage will be the drill, which was specially developed for TISE.
The walls of such houses are assembled from lightweight hollow blocks that are formed directly on the construction site with the help of modular formwork, which must be periodically moved. The whole point of the construction method is that you fix the modules (forms) in the place where the wall of the house will be, and pour concrete into them. When the solution hardens, the modules are removed and transferred to a new location.
If you all decide to build such a structure, then you will certainly be pleased with the absence of the so-called cold bridges, which modern developers are struggling with varying degrees of success. Also, you do not need a whole team of builders, because this kind of construction does not require more than 2 – 3 people, including the owner of the house, and even then only for individual processes (moving formwork, drilling soil).
In this case, you do not have to rent or buy special equipment, which significantly reduces the construction budget. Moreover, you can independently choose the composition of the filler for the walls of such houses and combine materials (as an option – brick with concrete).
Currently, we rarely resort to this technology of building houses, but this is more likely due to a lack of information among private developers, which can change in a short time, which means there is a prospect of its distribution.
After the foundation is poured, they begin to assemble the frame. This design consists of beam elements located horizontally, vertically and diagonally, and interconnected. As a rule, wooden or metal frame elements are used here – it all depends on the personal preferences of the owners of the houses.
Billets made of metal, of course, are stronger, but their connection will require drilling technological holes, which can be replaced by welding, which complicates the process, but we want to build a house quickly and without difficulties. Based on the intricacies of working with metals, wooden “skeletons” remain more popular. Most often this is a beam, which facilitates the construction of wooden houses using new technologies due to the correct geometry.
The walls here are a kind of cladding, and you can build them from various materials, which work with new principles:
- The first principle – the walls on wooden frames, which can be built from OSB boards, are filled with any heat-insulating materials. For example, you can choose foam concrete, expanded clay, polyurethane foam or fibrous insulation, again, as the owner of the house wishes.
- The second principle is prefabricated panels, which at the time of construction are equipped with insulation and waterproofing.
Pay attention to the fact that the second option is more difficult to implement (we are talking about the fact that we want to build a house with small forces). It’s hard enough to assemble ready-made shields correctly without breaking technology. And even without a crane, it is impossible to lift such massive elements, and this significantly complicates the process and leads to its appreciation.
For the construction of such buildings, any type of foundation is suitable, it does not matter on what soil it will be poured, even if we are talking about problem landscapes. Also here there is the possibility of quick redevelopment, not costly. The same applies to extensions, with which you can easily increase the area of private houses – install additional frame elements and sheathe new walls.
You can use any materials for finishing, there are no restrictions.
New trends in the construction industry sometimes represent modified principles that appeared earlier, and with 3D panels, vaguely reminiscent of the method of assembling frame-panel houses.
Panels manufactured on an industrial scale are not prefabricated shields, but monolithic polystyrene plates, previously reinforced with reinforcing grids on each side. They are interconnected with the help of metal rods that penetrate through the structure diagonally and go beyond it. Building a house from such blocks is not difficult, because they have a fairly light weight, and the assembly is strong and reliable.
Features and Benefits
There is no “skeleton” of the house in its classical sense, but instead panels that are connected by a rigid hitch and form the bearing walls of the building appear. After their construction, the structure is covered with a “jacket” of concrete on each side of the mounted panels.
The polymeric material of which modern panels are composed allows to minimize heat loss, and this is an essential point in the construction of modern houses, both wooden and panel. You can still build a building from SIP panels – these are also new materials in the construction industry. However, they are little involved in private construction sites due to the large size.
Basically, such material is chosen for the installation of large-scale objects. If you still for some reason do not leave the thought of using SIP panels in your own area, it is better to order them from the manufacturer according to individual drawings, which will cost a pretty penny, and a lot.
One of the most famous technologies, often used in private construction due to the availability and ease of execution.
As with TISE technology, the principle here is that you can quickly build a house without a team of craftsmen.
Fixed formwork can be formed from block or panel elements, which in the process are placed around the perimeter of the base at a certain distance from each other, forming a wall. Reinforcement is placed in the cavity between the blocks and the concrete mass is poured.
As mentioned earlier, you can build such a house yourself, which is a good save. Assistants may be needed only at the stage of pouring the foundation and during the installation of ceilings, otherwise do it yourself. At the same time, choosing the right filler for wall formwork, you do not have to worry about additional thermal insulation.
It turns out that building houses can be inexpensive and quite simple, and we are talking here about both block constructions and their wooden counterparts. Knowing and applying the latest technology, to build a quality home today is not difficult.