The time has long passed when the construction of houses was carried out according to a single technology – now everyone can choose the technique that will allow erecting a low-rise building in accordance with individual preferences and in the shortest possible time.
The time has long passed when the construction of houses was carried out according to a single technology – now everyone can choose the technique that will allow erecting a low-rise building in accordance with individual preferences and in the shortest possible time. The same applies to the materials used to build the house – the modern supply market will satisfy any demand.
When the stage of construction of the foundation is left behind, the most exciting period of construction work begins. It’s about building the walls of your future home. Indeed, literally brick by brick the structure will pass from the category of fantasies and plans into reality.
Modern materials for building houses allow you to build a solid building in a short time, but first you need to understand the theoretical side of this issue. For example, find out what technologies for building walls of houses exist. It is necessary to decide on those materials that will be used in the work. Today it is important to take care not only of the beauty and convenience of the future building, but also of its environmental cleanliness. It’s no secret that many materials for the construction and decoration of walls can be hazardous to health, so it is better to study all possible types of environmentally friendly materials in advance.
This material presents a comparison of technologies for building private homes and gives a description of new, environmentally friendly materials.
In modern construction, not ordinary bricks and wood are increasingly used , but materials of a new generation that meet the increased requirements for the quality and durability of the future home.
The walls built using the Izodom technology surpass many other building materials in such parameters as sound insulation, thermal conductivity, speed of construction work and, of course, strength.
In accordance with Izodom’s house building technology, load-bearing walls are constructed of reinforced concrete and special formwork made of expanded polystyrene. This technology belongs to the methods of building a new generation, but it is worth noting that the materials used in it have passed many years of rigorous testing for strength.
Permanent formwork used in the Izodom technology for building individual houses is made of solid polystyrene foam. By design, it is a hollow block that is filled with concrete. They are interconnected according to the principle of the Lego constructor with the help of special locks and prevent the leakage of concrete.
Unfilled blocks are practically weightless, and even a child can lift them. Building on this technology is quick and easy. In just one technological operation, a monolithic concrete wall is erected, which is protected from the inside and outside by a heat and sound insulating foam polystyrene shell.
Bearing walls must have heat and sound insulation, and a margin of safety. To give them these parameters, it is necessary to exclude the use of porous building material, which can lead to a loss of heat-shielding properties, as well as increase the wall thickness, which in turn will lead to a large consumption of material. Expanded polystyrene with a thickness of only 5 cm can replace a concrete wall with a thickness of 2.5 m and at the same time will meet all the specified requirements.
The nature of man has a desire for the best. In the field of construction, this is reflected in the constant search for the most economical technologies. Today, new technology for the construction of TISE houses, or TISE, has gained great popularity. This popularity is associated primarily with its extraordinary cheapness. In addition, when using TISE methods in construction, no special tools and equipment are needed, the building can be erected gradually and in free time.
For the construction of the foundation and walls using the technology for the construction of private houses of TISE, special blocks and interchangeable formwork are required. The technology is extremely simple. Special forms are laid on the prepared foundation, the lower part of which has protrusions, which in turn capture the lower row of blocks. It does not require the use of masonry mortar, just moisten the bottom row of blocks with water. This reduces the cost of purchasing additional materials. In addition, masonry is very fast. On a summer day, before laying the next row, you need to wait 4 hours, and at another time of the year – a day. Walls are reinforced with road or welded non-metallic mesh.
Thus, when using the TISE wall technology, neither a large construction site, nor electricity, nor specialized equipment and machinery are required. It is enough to have two arms, a head on the shoulders and purchase special blocks and formwork.
In recent years, do-it-yourself house building technologies have evolved. New methods are gaining great popularity, allowing you to build a house quickly, efficiently and inexpensively.
A module is a prefabricated element that consists of walls and ceilings. Such a module is being made at a construction plant, that is, on the construction site this element is already fully assembled, with engineering communications, with window and door openings inserted. The module is installed on the finished foundation or on other modules and is connected using special fasteners.
Until recently, a rigid monolithic frame was used only in the construction of multi-storey buildings, but modern technologies make it possible to use this system in low-rise construction. The advantages of monolithic-frame construction technology are reliability, speed of construction and long life of the structure – up to two hundred years.
Heat efficient blocks
Large heat-efficient blocks began to be used in construction relatively recently, but it is already possible to identify a number of advantages of their application, the main of which is the speed of wall construction. Heat-efficient blocks belong to the materials of a new generation and consist of two layers of concrete, which are framed by 10 cm of expanded polystyrene. The blocks are interconnected using fiberglass reinforcing rods.
Sandwich panels consist of several layers of various materials. The dimensions of such panels are large enough that allows you to carry out construction work quickly and efficiently. This is one of the best technologies for building private homes. If we compare the brick and the latest building structures, which include sandwich panels, the use of the latter can reduce the time for erecting walls by 10 times. The panels are attached using special butt locks to a pre-prepared frame. As a framework, wooden, metal and reinforced concrete structures are used. Joints are sealed with polyurethane foam or aluminum foil. Structures can be dismantled quickly and easily at any time. In addition, with the help of sandwich panels you can veneer a finished house in order to increase its thermal insulation properties.
In the construction of houses you can use a variety of materials, since there is no shortage of materials in the modern market. But will life in such a house be comfortable and healthy? It is no secret that some materials are manufactured using toxic components. Therefore, the construction of a “healthy” house begins with the search for modern environmentally friendly materials.
It consists of cement, peat, ash, sawdust and needles. Due to the fact that cement is included in its composition, it is resistant to moisture. Alternatively, you can use unstabilized soil blocks, which are made actually of soil. This is one of the best materials for building houses, as it has high strength, low heat conductivity, fire resistance and low cost.
The basis for its composition is peat processed into pasta, as well as straw, shavings, sawdust. All components are thoroughly dried and formed into blocks. The house from the geocar will not be mold and rodents. In addition, it has durability, high heat capacity and sound insulation.
Speaking about what material is better for building a house, you should definitely talk about Kerpen. It belongs to the new generation of materials and is made from natural raw materials. Ecological properties of kerpen are comparable to ordinary glass. The material has frost resistance, durability, moisture resistance and is resistant to atmospheric pressure drops. If you want a truly eco-friendly home, use natural materials. No, you are not invited to build a hut from reeds or straw, although they are part of many materials. Choose a shell rock, chalk, limestone, tree or adobe. In addition, in construction, a boot or a cobblestone are successfully used.
Pink arctic tuff
This ultra-modern material for building houses is not yet widespread. Meanwhile, it is durable and frost-resistant. Tuff is used only for the construction of low-rise buildings.
Clay burning brick
When choosing material for building a house, one should not forget about clay kiln bricks. This is a modern brother of ordinary brick, but by its properties it is more suitable for a person. It has good heat capacity, thermal conductivity, strength, water resistance and fire resistance.
Zidarite is used in frame-monolithic construction as a formwork. This one of the best materials for building a private house includes wood (89%), cement (10%), water and water glass (1%).
Like zidarit, fiberboard is used in monolithic construction as a formwork for creating ceilings, partitions and interior decoration. This modern material for the construction of private houses. Consists of aggregate, grout and cementitious component. The main advantages of fiberboard can be called fire resistance, sound insulation and, of course, the ecological purity of the material.
Tools For Building A House
New, modern technologies for building houses allow you to build walls with your own hands using a minimum of tools. Judge for yourself: it’s enough for the master to have at hand:
- a drill with a nozzle or a concrete mixer – for preparing a masonry mortar;
- ladle for putting solution;
- various improvised tools: rubber mallet, level, plumb line, hacksaw, putty knife, brushes for sweeping debris, shovels and buckets;
- optical level or theodolite;
- power tool: circular saw, electric planer.
As you can see, in our age of high technology, nothing supernatural is required for construction. The main thing is to use tools and materials for building a house wisely.